As more businesses move to online options, Magento is a popular content management system (CMS) of choice for e-commerce websites. That being said, with the online industry becoming more interconnected than ever, also comes increased risks in terms of website security.
Magento1 has recently been deprecated and is no longer supported. Adobe’s goal is to move all users to Magento2 instead, which has 2FA and a non-standard login URL enabled by default, being generally more secure.
Migration is very expensive for an average business, howeverso we hope this article sheds some light on how you can still protect your site, no matter what version of Magento you are currently using.
Common types of attacks on Magento
Infected sites have become increasingly common over the past few decades, and as more plugins, themes, and third-party software are integrated, the more things become exploitable. Some of the most common types of attacks with Magento are:
- DC Skimmers
- SEO spam
- Phishing campaigns
- Brute force attacks
It is also not uncommon for attackers to engage in “map test » attacks. This is when the attackers will make a small “test purchase” on a website to see if the stolen cards are still active and working. Although impractical, adding a CAPTCHA to your checkout page as well as disabling guest/unauthenticated transactions is recommended to prevent such abuse.
Tips for security best practices
Protecting your Magento site can seem a bit overwhelming given the multitude of layers and features that go into building a website. Perform an initial vulnerability scan with SiteCheck Where MageReport however, will be very useful. You will also want to ensure that all patches are installed regularly.
The login section is the most important thing for your online activity because most hackers cannot predict the login URL and default admin usernames. Modifying both of these is a good start to avoid any brute force attacks.
Adding an extra layer of security with 2FA, strong generated passwords, and limited login attempts will also ensure that anyone attempting to login is less likely to succeed. You can also add IP addresses to a whitelist if you are using a Web Application Firewalllimiting any public access to the login panel. (The firewall is also useful for hardening the site with virtual patches, in case updates are delayed.)
Including a CAPTCHA in all contact forms and login sections will also ensure that any spam from bots does not slip through.
With all these recommendations in mind so far, you can never be too careful when it comes to breaking site functionality. Make sure backups are regularly stored within a certain amount of time will ensure in case something goes wrong that you have at least one copy before restoring from.
With that in mind, be sure to use the Principle of least privilege When it comes to users, plugins, extensions, and themes will not only avoid slow loading time issues, but also be less likely to be more vulnerable to infections.
One of the last things to mention is making sure your website is PCI-DSS Compliant. Installing a SSL certificate protecting user data in transit is also crucial in this regard. Most site visitors will not approach an online store if it uses HTTP instead of HTTPS for the security of their sensitive information.
With all these types of attacks and precautions in mind, it has become difficult for any e-commerce site to understand brand and reputation risks. For the average website owner, this can seem a bit crippling because their time, like everyone else’s, is valuable. In case you are not able to manage all these security measures yourself, don’t worry. There are website security services to help relieve stress.